Swollen Jaw Unveiled: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Imagine waking up one morning, only to find swollen jaw one side and tender to the touch. It is not just a minor inconvenience but a perplexing mystery that leaves you wondering: What could be causing this unexpected swelling? Is it something serious? How can it be treated? A swollen jaw can be alarming. This is why we have created this blog to discuss everything about swollen jaws, various causes, related symptoms, and available treatment options.

Understanding the root cause of your swollen jaw is crucial in determining the appropriate course of action. So, without much ado, let us get straight to the topic!

Symptoms that you have a swollen jaw 

When faced with a swollen jaw, it is not uncommon to experience accompanying symptoms that provide additional clues about the underlying cause. These symptoms can vary depending on the specific condition causing the jaw swelling. Here are some common accompanying symptoms to be aware of:

  • Pain: Swelling in the jaw area often comes with pain or discomfort. The level of pain can range from mild to severe and may be constant or intermittent. The intensity of the pain can provide valuable insights into the underlying cause.
  • Painful Jaw Movement: Swelling in the jaw can limit the range of motion or make it painful to open or close your mouth fully. Chewing, talking, or even simple movements like yawning may become challenging or uncomfortable.
  • Redness: Inflammation accompanying the swelling may cause the affected area to appear red and feel warm to the touch. These signs of inflammation suggest an immune response to an underlying condition.
  • Facial Swelling: In some cases, the swelling may extend beyond the jawline, affecting the cheeks, lower face, or other adjacent areas. Facial swelling can give your face a puffy or distorted appearance.
  • Toothache: Jaw swelling can be associated with dental issues such as tooth decay, gum disease, or dental abscesses. Consequently, you may experience toothache, increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, or tenderness in the gums.
  • Painful Swallowing: If the swelling is located near the throat or involves the lymph nodes, it can make swallowing difficult or painful. This symptom is more commonly seen in cases of infections or inflammation affecting the glands.
  • Fever and Fatigue: Certain infections or inflammatory conditions that cause a swollen jaw may also lead to systemic symptoms such as fever, fatigue, or general malaise. These symptoms indicate a more widespread response within the body.

The presence of these symptoms can vary depending on the specific cause of the swollen jaw. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms along with jaw swelling, seek prompt medical or dental attention. 

What causes a swollen jaw?

Sometimes, dental issues can result in a swollen jaw. Toothaches, gum infections, or abscesses can send your jaw into a swelling frenzy. 

Your swollen jaw might also be due to structural abnormalities lurking beneath the surface. Perhaps your jawbone was not quite shaped to perfection, or there is an issue with your temporomandibular joint (TMJ). These structural hiccups can cause swelling and leave you scratching your head, wondering why your jaw decided to rebel against its own architecture.

Then, there are the infections. Viruses, like the infamous mumps, can infiltrate your salivary glands and wreak havoc. Additionally, swollen lymph nodes under your jaw, a sign of an underlying infection, can contribute to the jaw swelling party.

Accidents happen. A sudden injury to your jaw can lead to swelling, pain, and a whole lot of discomfort. Whether it is a sports-related mishap or an unfortunate encounter with a doorknob, your jaw might decide to puff up as a result of the trauma it endured.


Let’s explore the arsenal of solutions to fight swollen lymph nodes under jaw one side and bring you some much-needed relief.

  • Medications to the Rescue: Depending on the underlying cause of your swollen jaw, your healthcare professional may prescribe medications to combat the inflammation and alleviate the accompanying pain. Ibuprofen can work wonders in reducing swelling and providing temporary relief. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to tackle any infections that might be causing the trouble.
  • Dental Interventions: If dental issues are at the root of your swollen jaw, fear not—your trusted dentist has your back. Treatments like root canals, tooth extractions, or gum disease therapy may be recommended to address the underlying dental problem causing the swelling. By tackling the source, these interventions can help quell the inflammation and put your jaw on the path to recovery.
  • Ice: Cold compresses can be your best friends when it comes to reducing swelling. Applying an ice pack or a cold cloth to the affected area can help constrict blood vessels, reduce inflammation, and numb the pain. 
  • Warm Compresses: While cold compresses are ideal for immediate relief and reducing initial swelling, warm compresses can be helpful in promoting blood circulation, relaxing the jaw muscles, and providing long-term relief. Alternate between the two to harness their combined power!
  • Rest: Sometimes, all your jaw needs is a little tender loving care. Giving your jaw a break from excessive talking, chewing, or grinding can do wonders in allowing the swelling to subside. Practice some relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and gentle jaw stretches, to ease tension and promote healing.
  • Professional Interventions: In more severe cases, your healthcare professional may recommend more specialized interventions. These interventions are designed to address the underlying cause of your swollen jaw and restore optimal jaw function.

Remember, the key to finding the right treatment lies in identifying the cause of your swollen jaw. Consult with a dentist who can evaluate your symptoms, perform necessary tests, and recommend the most appropriate course of action.

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When does it become an emergency?

An emergency situation arises when you experience severe pain, profuse bleeding, traumatic injuries, difficulty breathing or vision problems, sudden tooth loss, or prolonged infection symptoms. If any of these occur, it is crucial to seek immediate medical or dental care to prevent further complications and ensure your well-being. Remember, when in doubt, it is always better to err on the side of caution and prioritize your health.

When should you see a dentist?

It is time to see a doctor when you have persistent or worsening symptoms, sudden and severe pain, chronic fatigue and weakness, changes in mental health, or for regular check-ups and preventive care. Trust your instincts and prioritize your well-being by seeking the expertise of a healthcare professional.

At Emergency Dentist London Pro, we provide top-notch care to patients to help alleviate their pain, address swollen lymph nodes under jaw one side efficiently, and restore overall oral health. Let us guide you towards a healthy and confident smile.

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